FISSURES / FISTULA
Anal Fissure Treatment in Pune
An anal fissure is a narrow tear that extends from the muscles that control the anus (sphincters) up into the anal canal. These tears usually develop when anal tissue is damaged during a hard bowel movement or when higher-than-normal tension develops in the anal sphincters. Dr. Nikhil Jillawar is a Reliable and one of the Best Anal Fissures Treatment Doctor in Pune.
An anal fistula is a tubelike passage (tract) from the anal canal to a hole in the skin near the anus. This may occur after rectal surgery, after an abscess in the rectal area, or as a complication of a bowel disease. Dr. Jillawar’s Clinic is a general surgical clinic that provides high-quality anal fissure treatment in Pune.
What is Anal Fissure?
An anal fissure is a small tear in the lining of the anus, similar to a tear at the corner of the mouth in cold weather. It often results from a hard dry bowel movement which causes a tear in the tissue. Fissures can be quite painful during and immediately following bowel movements. There may also be bleeding or itching. The diagnosis can be made by a simple visual examination of the anus and surrounding tissue.
Treatment of Anal Fissure
More than half of all fissures heal either by themselves or with non-surgical treatment. Stool softeners can help reduce pain during bowel movements. Antibiotics may be used for a short time. Specially medicated creams may also be used, especially if the fissure has become ulcerated or infected. It is important to keep the anus and area between the buttocks clean and dry. After bathing, the patient should gently pat the area dry with a soft towel. Applying talcum powder may be helpful. Soaking the anal area in warm bath water for 15-20 minutes several times a day should be tried.
Fissures that do not heal can be corrected with surgery. It is a minor operation that is usually done on an outpatient basis. The surgeon removes the fissure and any underlying scar tissue. Cutting a small portion of the anal muscle prevents spasm. This helps the area to heal and rarely interferes with the control of bowel movements. Complete healing takes place in a few weeks.
What is Fistula?
A fistula is a tiny channel or tract that develops in the presence of inflammation and infection. It may or may not be associated with an abscess, but like abscesses, certain illnesses such as Crohn’s disease can cause fistulas to develop. The channel usually runs from the rectum to an opening in the skin around the anus. However, sometimes the fistula opening develops elsewhere. For example, in women with Crohn’s disease or obstetric injuries, the fistula could open into the vagina or bladder.
Treatment of Fistula
Treatment of anal fistula often varies, depending on whether Crohn’s disease is present or not. Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammation of the bowel, including the small and/or large intestine. As noted, the physician will often do tests to see if this disease is present. If so, then other therapies are needed.
If Crohn’s disease is not present, it still may be worthwhile to try a course of antibiotics. If these do not work, surgery is usually very effective. The surgeon opens the fistula channel so that healing occurs from the inside out.
The best fistula treatment in Pune can be found at the Aditya Birla Hospital. The Doctors are well qualified and experienced to provide the necessary treatment. Get in touch with us for more details.